Plant species of Mongolia represents Siberian Taiga forest, Central Asian steppe and Gobi desert, and the Altai and Sayan Mountains all occur here. Around 2100 species of vascular plants, 927 lichens, 438 trees and bushes, 900 fungi and numerous algae have been recorded. 975 species of flowering plant out of the total, 3.000 registered species are used for traditional medicine of Mongolia.
Most of the plants are wild shrubs and bushes adapted to the extreme weather conditions. The flowers have a wide range of colors and shapes.