The Mongolian diet really depends on where you are in Mongolia and what time of the year it is. In the south a staple diet of mutton and camel with camel diary products are common. However, in the Mountain areas beef is more common. In Ulaanbaatar city, there are multinational food and beverage options that tourists can have. Due to the extreme cold winter people need to have high calorific intake compared to the summer months. For this reason, herders often eat lots of meat. Variety of vegetables are introducing in Mongolia from all over the world during the last 20 years. Originally Mongolians are meat lovers and the main vegetables are potato, carrot, onion, garlic, cabbage also, other are wildly grown vegetables and fruits.
During summer it is customary to eat more of diary products (yoghurt, dried curds, cheese and cream), pastries and drink tea and airag. Herders tend to eat less meat in order to cleanse their body after long winter months. For meat intake herders use the dried meat or borts that still contain the necessary nutrients.
Mongolian tea is made of crushed tea leaves, salt, and milk and is a good thirst quencher especially in hot summer months. Airag, a fermented mare’s milk, is thoroughly enjoyed during summer. It contains more than 12 essential vitamins and, depending on the region where It is produced, the alcoholic content can reach 6-12%.
When you travel to Mongolia try to experience the taste of Mongolian cuisine such as khorhog (various kinds of meat cooked through heating stones), boodog (meat cooked with red-hot stones in the own skin of the animal, usually goat meat), huushuur (fried dumplings), lapsha (noodle sooup), and tsuivan (stir fried noodles with meat and vegatables) and so on.
Nowadays, Mongolians diet has come very close to international, plenty of vegetables with salads. A variety of international dishes and cuisines can be enjoyed in Mongolia but mostly in Ulaanbaatar and other major settlements. The international spans from Thai, Japanese, Brazilian, Russian, French, Indian, and Italian to German just to name a few.
(Mongolia magazine. MNET, 2016)